A degenerative disease that attacks myelin, which is required to send a signal from the spinal cord and brain to muscles.Damaged myelin forms scar tissue limiting nerve impulses traveling to and from the spinal cord and brain- of which trigger a multitude of symptoms.
While the cause of multiple sclerosis is still unknown, scientists and medical professionals theorize that a combination of factors, from genetics to infectious factors can increase the risk of developing the disease.
(PPMS) Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis
In PPMS, symptoms continually worsen from the time of diagnosis. Between 10% and 15% of people with MS have primary progressive MS.
- Older age group (average 40 years old)
- Approximately equal numbers of men and women are affected
- Early onset of disability
(RRMS) Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
In RRMS, there is an initial onset of symptoms followed by partial or complete recovery. After that there are recurring attacks (relapses) and recovery (remissions). Around 90% of people with multiple sclerosis have this type.
- Young age group (first occurs in 20s)
- 3 to 1 women to men
- Effects vary widely from person to person
Eventually, most people with relapsing-remitting MS will enter a secondary progressive phase of MS.
(SPMS) Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis
In SPMS, symptoms continue to worsen, without relapses or remissions. This occurs between 10 and 20 years after the diagnosis of RRMS.
- Greater age at onset of RRMS = Earlier transition to SPMS
- Less recovery from RRMS relapses = Earlier transition to SPMS
- Less inflammation, more degeneration
- Rate of progression unique to each individual
(PRMS) Progressive Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis
In PRMS, the onset of symptoms is similar to RRMS, however there is little recovery and the symptoms progress between attacks. Around 5% of people with multiple sclerosis have this form.
Our goal for these clients is to slow down the progression of the disease and improve quality of life.
Ways we can help
- Increased strength of core and limbs
- Improved circulation and blood pressure
- Improved cardiovascular endurance
- Maintenance of bone density
- Improved range of motion
- Reduced muscle spasms and spasticity
- Improved mobility and ability to function independently
This is accomplished through range of motion, strength, posture and balance exercises as well as nervous system retraining exercises.
“Since attending moving forward twice a week for 5 months I have improved muscle strength in my arms, legs and core. My sitting balance has improved and transfers to my power wheelchair are easier.” ~ Peter